13 – Tenkai-Kotehineri (wind-up inside wrist throw)

Tenkai-Kotehineri, Aikido Throw #13 (of 17), Randori-no-Kata

Tenkai Kotehineri is an inside wrist windup, followed by a fast drag-down to the ground.
Tenkai Kotehineri is an inside wrist windup, followed by a fast drag-down to the ground.

Tenkai-Kotehineri is another Aikido wrist throw. It is similar to Shodokan Aikido’s technique number 11 (Kotehineri) but this time Uke is forced to turn 180 degrees as he is pulled face-down to the ground.

The attached animated GIF photo shows Nariyama Shihan, Chief Instructor of the Japan Aikido Association, demonstrating the Tenkai-Kotehineri throw.

Both Kotehineri and Tenkai-Kotehineri are Tomiki Aikido versions of Sankyo (third technique) of other Aikido styles.


  • Face Uke right posture to right posture.
  • As Uke attacks, you glide backwards to your left rear corner with Tsubi-ashi movement.
  • “Check” Uke’s attacking hand gently, above and below the wrist with both your hands.
  • Step powerfully towards Uke with your right leg…
  • Your arms “wind up” his wrist for tenkai-kotehineri in classic “Tenkai” wind-up (called “Sankyo” in other Aikido styles).
  • Uke’s hand is rotated towards his body, which produces pain, and he has to stand on his toes to relieve the pressure from tenkai-kotehineri.
  • Keep Uke’s wrist ahead of your face – like in sword posture.
  • Keeping your feet where they are, you turn your hips 180 degrees ant-clockwise (to your left)… by pivoting on the balls of your feet.
  • You are now facing the same way as Uke.
  • Gripping Uke’s wrist with your left hand, guide his elbow with your right hand.
  • Whip Uke’s arm down in a clockwise circle to spring the tenkai-kotehineri throw, and step back deeply…
  • Uke is turned sharply to face you, and is dragged face-first onto the mat.
  • Once again, Uke needs to break his fall with his outspread right palm. (He can’t roll free of this one.)
  • Uke should try to keep his free arm from becoming trapped under his body as he falls.
  • To finish tenkai-kotehineri, hold Uke’s straight arm palm-up and apply very gentle pressure to Uke’s elbow joint, using just your finger-tips. (Uke’s elbow snaps very easily from this position, so be very, very careful for him!)
  • Uke taps to indicate surrender with his free hand (or his foot, if no hand is free.)

Once Uke has surrendered to the pain, the tenkai-kotehineri technique is over. You release your training partner, and he gets to his feet. This is how it works on the mat in the Aikido dojo (practice hall).

In a Self-Defense Situation

If you ever do tenkai-kotehineri on the street, where it is serious, you will have to continue holding your attacker until help arrives. So – if you know no help is going to arrive soon, you may have to injure him just so you canĀ  walk away safely. In that case, I’d probably just break his arm. It’s better to be safe than to be sorry!

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